PubMed 1857420

Title: ATP-sensitive K+ channel in the mitochondrial inner membrane.

Authors: I Inoue, H Nagase, K Kishi, T Higuti

Journal, date & volume: Nature, 1991 Jul 18 , 352, 244-7

PubMed link:

Mitochondria take up and extrude various inorganic and organic ions, as well as larger substances such as proteins. The technique of patch clamping should provide real-time information on such transport and on energy transduction in oxidative phosphorylation. It has been applied to detect microscopic currents from mitochondrial membranes and conductances of ion channels in the 5-1,000 pS range in the outer and inner membranes. These pores are not, however, selective for particular ions. Here we use fused giant mitoplasts prepared from rat liver mitochondria to identify a small conductance channel highly selective for K+ in the inner mitochondrial membrane. This channel can be reversibly inactivated by ATP applied to the matrix side under inside-out patch configuration; it is also inhibited by 4-aminopyridine and by glybenclamide. The slope conductance of the unitary currents measured at negative membrane potentials was 9.7 +/- 1.0 pS (mean +/- s.d., n = 6) when the pipette solution contained 100 mM K+ and the bathing solution 33.3 mM K+. Our results indicate that mitochondria depolarize by generating a K+ conductance when ATP in the matrix is deficient.