PubMed 9118489

Title: Antisense oligodeoxynucleotides directed against Kv1.5 mRNA specifically inhibit ultrarapid delayed rectifier K+ current in cultured adult human atrial myocytes.

Authors: J Feng, B Wible, G R Li, Z Wang, S Nattel

Journal, date & volume: Circ. Res., 1997 Apr , 80, 572-9

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Several cloned K+ channel subunits are candidates to underlie macroscopic currents in the human heart, but direct evidence bearing on their role is lacking. The Kv1.5 K+ channel subunit has been suggested to play a potential role in human cardiac ultrarapid delayed rectifier (IKur) and transient outward (Ito) currents. To evaluate the role of proteins encoded by the Kv1.5 gene, we incubated cultured human atrial myocytes for 48 hours in medium containing antisense phosphorothioate oligodeoxynucleotides directed against octodecameric segments of the Kv1.5 mRNA coding sequence, the same concentration of homologous oligodeoxynucleotides with four mismatch mutations, or vehicle (control group). Cells exposed to antisense showed a highly significant (approximately 50%) reduction in IKur whether measured by step current at the end of a 400-millisecond depolarizing pulse, tail current at -20 mV, or current sensitive to a concentration of 4-aminopyridine (50 mumol/L) that is highly selective for IKur compared with control cells or cells exposed to mismatch oligodeoxynucleotides. In contrast, Ito was not different among the three experimental groups. When cultured human ventricular myocytes were exposed to Kv1.5 antisense oligodeoxynucleotides with the same controls, no changes occurred in either Ito or the sustained current at the end of a depolarizing pulse. We conclude that Kv1.5 channel subunits are essential to the expression of IKur and do not play a role in Ito in cultured human atrial myocytes. These studies provide the first direct evidence with an antisense approach for the equivalence between a macroscopic cardiac K+ current and a cloned K+ channel subunit and offer insights into the molecular electrophysiology of the human heart.