PubMed 25743574

Title: Cortisone and hydrocortisone inhibit human Kv1.3 activity in a non-genomic manner.

Authors: Jing Yu, Mi-Hyeong Park, Se-Young Choi, Su-Hyun Jo

Journal, date & volume: Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch. Pharmacol., 2015 Jun , 388, 653-61

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Glucocorticoids are hormones released in response to stress that are involved in various physiological processes including immune functions. One immune-modulating mechanism is achieved by the Kv1.3 voltage-dependent potassium channel, which is expressed highly in lymphocytes including effector memory T lymphocytes (TEM). Although glucocorticoids are known to inhibit Kv1.3 function, the detailed inhibitory mechanism is not yet fully understood. Here we studied the rapid non-genomic effects of cortisone and hydrocortisone on the human Kv1.3 channel expressed in Xenopus oocytes. Both cortisone and hydrocortisone reduced the amplitude of the Kv1.3 channel current in a concentration-dependent manner. Both cortisone and hydrocortisone rapidly and irreversibly inhibited Kv1.3 currents, eliminating the possibility of genomic regulation. Inhibition rate was stable relative to the degree of depolarization. Kinetically, cortisone altered the activating gate of Kv1.3 and hydrocortisone interacted with this channel in an open state. These results suggest that cortisone and hydrocortisone inhibit Kv1.3 currents via a non-genomic mechanism, providing a mechanism for the immunosuppressive effects of glucocorticoids.