PubMed 10490879

Title: Mechanism of fluoxetine block of cloned voltage-activated potassium channel Kv1.3.

Authors: J S Choi, S J Hahn, D J Rhie, S H Yoon, Y H Jo, M S Kim

Journal, date & volume: J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther., 1999 Oct , 291, 1-6

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The effects of fluoxetine (Prozac), a widely used antidepressant drug, on Kv1.3 stably expressed in Chinese hamster ovary cells were examined using the whole-cell and excised inside-out configurations of the patch-clamp technique. In whole-cell recordings, fluoxetine accelerated the decay rate of inactivation of Kv1.3 and thus decreased the current amplitude at the end of the pulse in a concentration-dependent manner with an IC(50) value of 5.9 microM. The inhibition displayed a weak voltage dependence, increasing at more positive potentials. Neither the activation nor the steady-state inactivation curve was affected by fluoxetine. In addition, fluoxetine reduced the tail current amplitude and slowed the deactivation of the tail current, resulting in a crossover phenomenon. When applied to the internal side of the membrane in inside-out recordings, the inhibition by fluoxetine was much faster and more potent with an IC(50) value of 1.7 microM compared with whole-cell recordings. Norfluoxetine, the major metabolite of fluoxetine, also inhibited Kv1.3 in a concentration-dependent manner (IC(50) = 1.4 microM) in whole-cell recordings. To check whether the fluoxetine-induced inhibition demonstrated in cloned Kv1.3 could also be observed in native T lymphocytes, the effects of fluoxetine were investigated on human T lymphocytes. Fluoxetine also inhibited outward K(+) current in human T lymphocytes. Our results indicate that fluoxetine produced a concentration- and voltage-dependent inhibition of Kv1.3 that can be interpreted as an open channel block and that a binding site for fluoxetine is more accessible from the intracellular side.