PubMed 19029124

Title: Transcriptional profiling of ion channel genes in Brugada syndrome and other right ventricular arrhythmogenic diseases.

Authors: Nathalie Gaborit, Thomas Wichter, András Varró, Viktoria Szuts, Guillaume Lamirault, Lars Eckardt, Matthias Paul, Günter Breithardt, Eric Schulze-Bahr, Denis Escande, Stanley Nattel, Sophie Demolombe

Journal, date & volume: Eur. Heart J., 2009 Feb , 30, 487-96

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Brugada syndrome is an inherited sudden-death arrhythmia syndrome. Na(+)-current dysfunction is central, but mutations in the SCN5A gene (encoding the cardiac Na(+)-channel Nav1.5) are present in only 20% of probands. This study addressed the possibility that Brugada patients display specific expression patterns for ion-channels regulating cardiac conduction, excitability, and repolarization.Transcriptional profiling was performed on right-ventricular endomyocardial biopsies from 10 unrelated Brugada probands, 11 non-diseased organ-donors, seven heart-transplant recipients, 10 with arrhythmogenic right-ventricular cardiomyopathy, and nine with idiopathic right-ventricular outflow-tract tachycardia. Brugada patients showed distinct clustering differences vs. the two control and two other ventricular-tachyarrhythmia groups, including 14 of 77 genes encoding important ion-channel/ion-transporter subunits. Nav1.5 and K(+)-channels Kv4.3 and Kir3.4 were more weakly expressed, whereas the Na(+)-channel Nav2.1 and the K(+)-channel TWIK1 were more strongly expressed, in Brugada syndrome. Differences were also seen in Ca(2+)-homeostasis transcripts, including stronger expression of RYR2 and NCX1. The molecular profile of Brugada patients with SCN5A mutations did not differ from Brugada patients without SCN5A mutations.Brugada patients exhibit a common ion-channel molecular expression signature, irrespective of the culprit gene. This finding has potentially important implications for our understanding of the pathophysiology of Brugada syndrome, with possible therapeutic and diagnostic consequences.