PubMed 10723066

Title: Differential distribution of the tetrodotoxin-sensitive rPN4/NaCh6/Scn8a sodium channel in the nervous system.

Authors: E Tzoumaka, A C Tischler, L Sangameswaran, R M Eglen, J C Hunter, S D Novakovic

Journal, date & volume: J. Neurosci. Res., 2000 Apr 1 , 60, 37-44

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Voltage-gated sodium channels underlie the generation of action potentials in excitable cells. Various sodium channel isoforms have been cloned, functionally expressed and distinguished on the basis of their biophysical properties or differential sensitivity to tetrodotoxin (TTX). In the present study, we have investigated the immunolocalization of the TTX-sensitive sodium channel, rPN4/NaCh6/Scn8a, in discrete areas of the rat nervous system. Thus, in naïve animals, PN4 was abundantly expressed in brain, spinal cord, dorsal root ganglia (DRG) and peripheral nerve. The presence of PN4 at the nodes of Ranvier in the sciatic nerve suggests the importance of this sodium channel in peripheral nerve conduction. In addition, the pattern of PN4 immunolabeling was determined in DRG, spinal cord and sciatic nerve in rats subjected to chronic constriction nerve injury (CCI).