PubMed 18155692

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.1 , Kv1.2 , Kv1.3 , Kv1.4 , Kv1.5 , Kv1.6

Title: Role of K+ and Ca2+ fluxes in the cerebroarterial vasoactive effects of sildenafil.

Authors: Juan B Salom, María Castelló-Ruiz, María C Burguete, Carla Guzmán, Teresa Jover-Mengual, Germán Torregrosa, Ramiro Jover, Ignacio Lizasoain, Enrique Alborch

Journal, date & volume: Eur. J. Pharmacol., 2008 Feb 26 , 581, 138-47

PubMed link:

The aim of this study was to assess the role of K(+) and Ca(2+) fluxes in the cerebroarterial vasoactive effects of the phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor sildenafil. We used isolated rabbit basilar arteries to assess the effects of extracellular K(+) raising on sildenafil-induced vasodilatation, and studied the pharmacological interaction of sildenafil with selective modulators of membrane K(+) and Ca(2+) channels. Expression of Kv1 subunits of K(+) channels was assessed at messenger and protein levels. Parallel experiments were carried out with zaprinast for comparison. Sildenafil (10 nM-0.1 mM) induced concentration-dependent relaxation of endothelin-1 (10 nM)-precontracted arteries, which was partially inhibited by depolarization with KCl (50 mM), 3 mM tetraethylammonium (non-selective K(+) channel blocker) or 1 mM aminopyridine (inhibitor of K(v) channels), but not by 1 microM glibenclamide (inhibitor of K(ATP) channels) or 50 nM iberiotoxin (inhibitor of K(Ca) channels). Arterial smooth muscle expressed messengers for Kv1.2, Kv1.3, Kv1.4, Kv1.5 and Kv1.6, and proteins of Kv1.1, Kv1.2 and Kv1.4. CaCl(2) (10 microM- 10 mM) induced concentration-dependent contraction in Ca(2+)-free, depolarizing (50 mM KCl) medium. Sildenafil (0.1-100 microM) produced reversible concentration-dependent inhibition of the response to CaCl(2), which was completely abolished by the highest sildenafil concentration. By contrast, only 100 microM zaprinast inhibited the response to CaCl(2). The L-type Ca(2+) channel activator Bay K 8644 (0.1 nM-1 microM) induced concentration-dependent potentiation of the response to CaCl(2) inhibited by 100 microM sildenafil. Moreover, Bay K 8644 (0.1 nM-1 microM) induced concentration-dependent contraction in slightly depolarizing (15 mM) medium, which was inhibited to the same extent and in a concentration-dependent way by sildenafil (0.1-100 microM) and zaprinast (1 or 100 microM). These results show that sildenafil relaxes the rabbit basilar artery by increasing K(+) efflux through K(v) channels, which in turn may affect Ca(2+) signalling. Expression of Kv1 subunits involved in this pharmacological effect occurs at the messenger and, in some cases, at the protein level. In addition to this phosphodiesterase-5-related effect, sildenafil and zaprinast inhibit cerebroarterial vasoconstriction at least in part by directly blocking L-type Ca(2+) channels, although a decrease in the sensitivity of the contractile apparatus to Ca(2+) can not be discarded.