Channelpedia

PubMed 18156198


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.2 , Kv1.4 , Kv1.5 , Kv1.6 , Kv2.1 , Kv3.1 , Kv4.2 , Slo1



Title: Neonatal rat cardiac fibroblasts express three types of voltage-gated K+ channels: regulation of a transient outward current by protein kinase C.

Authors: Kenneth B Walsh, Jining Zhang

Journal, date & volume: Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol., 2008 Feb , 294, H1010-7

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18156198


Abstract
Cardiac fibroblasts regulate myocardial development via mechanical, chemical, and electrical interactions with associated cardiomyocytes. The goal of this study was to identify and characterize voltage-gated K(+) (Kv) channels in neonatal rat ventricular fibroblasts. With the use of the whole cell arrangement of the patch-clamp technique, three types of voltage-gated, outward K(+) currents were measured in the cultured fibroblasts. The majority of cells expressed a transient outward K(+) current (I(to)) that activated at potentials positive to -40 mV and partially inactivated during depolarizing voltage steps. I(to) was inhibited by the antiarrhythmic agent flecainide (100 microM) and BaCl(2) (1 mM) but was unaffected by 4-aminopyridine (4-AP; 0.5 and 1 mM). A smaller number of cells expressed one of two types of kinetically distinct, delayed-rectifier K(+) currents [I(K) fast (I(Kf)) and I(K) slow (I(Ks))] that were strongly blocked by 4-AP. Application of phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate, to stimulate protein kinase C (PKC), inhibited I(to) but had no effect on I(Kf) and I(Ks). Immunoblot analysis revealed the presence of Kv1.4, Kv1.2, Kv1.5, and Kv2.1 alpha-subunits but not Kv4.2 or Kv1.6 alpha-subunits in the fibroblasts. Finally, pretreatment of the cells with 4-AP inhibited angiotensin II-induced intracellular Ca(2+) mobilization. Thus neonatal cardiac fibroblasts express at least three different Kv channels that may contribute to electrical/chemical signaling in these cells.