Channelpedia

PubMed 18441514


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.1 , Kir3.1



Title: G protein-activated (GIRK) current in rat ventricular myocytes is masked by constitutive inward rectifier current (I(K1)).

Authors: Christian Beckmann, Andreas Rinne, Christoph Littwitz, Elisa Mintert, Leif I Bosche, Marie-Cécile Kienitz, Lutz Pott, Kirsten Bender

Journal, date & volume: Cell. Physiol. Biochem., 2008 , 21, 259-68

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18441514


Abstract
Inwardly-rectifying K+ channel subunits are not homogenously expressed in different cardiac tissues. In ventricular myocytes (VM) the background current-voltage relation is dominated by I(K1), carried by channels composed of Kir2.x subunits, which is less important in atrial myocytes (AM). On the other hand in AM a large G protein gated current carried by Kir3.1/3.4 complexes can be activated by stimulation of muscarinic M(2) receptors (I(K(ACh))), which is assumed to be marginal in VM. Recent evidence suggests that total current carried by cardiac inward-rectifiers (I(K(ATP)), I(K(ACh)), I(K1)) in both, AM and VM is limited, due to K+ accumulation/depletion. This lead us to hypothesize that in conventional whole celI recordings I(K(ACh)) in VM is underestimated as a consequence of constitutive I(K1). In that case a reduction in density of I(K1) should be paralleled by an increase in density of I(K(ACh)). Three different experimental strategies have been used to test for this hypothesis: (i) Adenovirus-driven expression of a dominant-negative mutant of Kir2.1, one of the subunits supposed to form I(K1) channels, in VM caused a reduction in I(K1)-density by about 80 %. In those cells I(K(ACh)) was increased about 4 fold. (ii) A comparable increase in I(K(ACh)) was observed upon reduction of I(K1) caused by adenovirus-mediated RNA interference.(iii) Ba2+ in a concentration of 2 microM blocks I(K1) in VM by about 60 % without affecting atrial I(K(ACh)). The reduction in I(K1) by 2 microM Ba2+ is paralleled by a reversible increase in I(K(ACh)) by about 100%. These data demonstrate that the increase in K+ conductance underlying ventricular I(K(ACh)) is largely underestimated, suggesting that it might be of greater physiological relevance than previously thought.