PubMed 18658206

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.5

Title: External Ba2+ block of human Kv1.5 at neutral and acidic pH: evidence for Ho+-induced constriction of the outer pore mouth at rest.

Authors: Y May Cheng, David Fedida, Steven J Kehl

Journal, date & volume: Biophys. J., 2008 Nov 1 , 95, 4456-68

PubMed link:

Previous studies have shown that low pHo accelerates depolarization-induced inactivation and decreases the macroscopic conductance by reducing channel availability. To test the hypothesis that outer pore constriction underlies the decreased conductance at low pHo, external Ba2+ was used to examine the accessibility of the channel pore at rest under neutral and acidic conditions. At pHo 7.4, Ba2+ block of closed channels follows a monoexponential time course and involves a low-affinity superficial site (KD congruent with 1 mM, -80 mV, 0 mM Ko(+)) and a high-affinity site (KD congruent with 4 microM) deeper in the pore. Depolarization promotes Ba2+ dissociation and an analytical model incorporating state-dependent changes of Ba2+ affinity is presented that replicates the frequency dependence of the time course and the extent of block. Open-channel block by Ba2+ is weak. At pHo 5.5, both the access to and exit from the deep site is inhibited. These results are consistent with a low-pHo-induced conformational change in the outer pore that prevents Ba2+ binding at rest or unbinding during depolarization. If a pore constriction is involved, similar to that proposed to occur during P/C-type inactivation, this would imply that closed-state inactivation in Kv1.5 occurs under acidic conditions.