PubMed 18321475

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Nav1.2 , Nav1.4

Title: Involvement of batrachotoxin binding sites in ginsenoside-mediated voltage-gated Na+ channel regulation.

Authors: Jun-Ho Lee, Byung-Hwan Lee, Sun-Hye Choi, In-Soo Yoon, Tae-Joon Shin, Mi Kyung Pyo, Sang-Mok Lee, Hyoung-Chun Kim, Seung-Yeol Nah

Journal, date & volume: Brain Res., 2008 Apr 8 , 1203, 61-7

PubMed link:

Recently, we showed that the 20(S)-ginsenoside Rg3 (Rg3), an active ingredient of Panax ginseng, inhibits rat brain NaV1.2 channel peak currents (INa). Batrachotoxin (BTX) is a steroidal alkaloid neurotoxin and activates NaV channels through interacting with transmembrane domain-I-segment 6 (IS6) of channels. Recent report shows that ginsenoside inhibits BTX binding in rat brain membrane fractions. However, it needs to be confirmed whether biochemical mechanism is relevant physiologically and which residues of the BTX binding sites are important for ginsenoside regulations. Here, we demonstrate that mutations of BTX binding sites such as N418K and L421K of rat brain NaV1.2 and L437K of mouse skeletal muscle NaV1.4 channel reduce or abolish Rg3 inhibition of I(Na) and attenuate Rg3-mediated depolarizing shift of the activation voltage and use-dependent inhibition. These results indicate that BTX binding sites play an important role in modifying Rg3-mediated Na+ channel properties.