Channelpedia

PubMed 8238476


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.4 , Kv1.5



Title: Influence of cloned voltage-gated K+ channel expression on alanine transport, Rb+ uptake, and cell volume.

Authors: A Felipe, D J Snyders, K K Deal, M M Tamkun

Journal, date & volume: Am. J. Physiol., 1993 Nov , 265, C1230-8

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8238476


Abstract
Voltage-gated K+ channels are involved in regulation of action potential duration and in setting the resting membrane potential in nerve and muscle. To determine the effects of voltage-gated K+ channel expression on processes not associated with electrically excitable cells, we studied cell volume, membrane potential, Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase activity, and alanine transport after the stable expression of the Kv1.4 and Kv1.5 human K+ channels in Ltk- mouse fibroblasts (L-cells). The fast-activating noninactivating Kv1.5 channel, but not the rapidly inactivating Kv1.4 channel, prevented dexamethasone-induced increases in intracellular volume and inhibited Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase activity by 25%, as measured by 86Rb+ uptake. Alanine transport, measured separately by systems A and ASC, was lower in Kv1.5-expressing cells, indicating that the expression of this channel modified the Na(+)-dependent amino acid transport of both systems. Expression of the Kv1.4 channel did not alter alanine transport relative to wild-type or sham-transfected cells. The changes specific to Kv1.5 expression may be related to the resting membrane potential induced by this channel (-30 mV) in contrast to that measured in wild-type sham-transfected, or Kv1.4-transfected cells (-2 to 0 mV). Blocking of the Kv1.5 channel by 60 microM quinidine negated the effects of Kv1.5 expression on intracellular volume, Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase, and Na(+)-dependent alanine transport. These results indicate that delayed rectifier channels such as Kv1.5 can play a key role in the control of cell membrane potential, cell volume, Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase activity, and electrogenic alanine transport across the plasma membrane of electrically unexcitable cells.