PubMed 18590702

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClIC1

Title: Pharmacologic blockade of chloride channel synergistically enhances apoptosis of chemotherapeutic drug-resistant cancer stem cells.

Authors: Mi-Kyung Kang, Soo-Kyung Kang

Journal, date & volume: Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., 2008 Sep 5 , 373, 539-44

PubMed link:

1,3-Bis(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea (BCNU) is the most commonly used chemotherapeutic agent in the treatment of human glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). However, BCNU chemotherapy fails due to subpopulations of intrinsic resistant-cells within the tumor mass. In our previous study, we dissociated BCNU-resistant cancer stem cells (CSCs) and observed the over-expression of multiple ion channel genes related to drug efflux. In the present study, we identified chloride intracellular channel 1 (CLIC1) in dissociated-BCNU-resistant CSCs using 2-DE and MALDI-TOF/MS analysis. To develop the specific target therapy of BCNU-resistant CSCs, we evaluated the drug-sensitivity of these CSCs using the chloride channel blocker, 4,4'-diisothiocyanostilbene-2,2'-disulfonic acid (DIDS). When combined with BCNU, DIDS synergistically increased the apoptotic events of BCNU-resistant CSCs in vitro and augmented BCNU sensitivity ex vivo. These findings suggest that CLIC1 is involved in the resistance of BCNU-resistant CSCs and BCNU/DIDS combined-therapy can provide valuable insight for promoting apoptosis or sensitizing glioblastomas to BCNU chemotherapy.