PubMed 19056148

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.3

Title: 4-Phenoxybutoxy-substituted heterocycles--a structure-activity relationship study of blockers of the lymphocyte potassium channel Kv1.3.

Authors: Silke B Bodendiek, Cédrick Mahieux, Wolfram Hänsel, Heike Wulff

Journal, date & volume: , 2009 May , 44, 1838-52

PubMed link:

The voltage-gated potassium channel Kv1.3 constitutes an attractive pharmacological target for the treatment of effector memory T cell-mediated autoimmune diseases such as multiple sclerosis and psoriasis. Using 5-methoxypsoralen (5-MOP, 1), a compound isolated from Ruta graveolens, as a template we previously synthesized 5-(4-phenoxybutoxy)psoralen (PAP-1, 2) which inhibits Kv1.3 with an IC(50) of 2nM. Since PAP-1 is more than 1000-fold more potent than 5-MOP, we here investigated whether attaching a 4-phenoxybutoxy side chain to other heterocyclic systems would also produce potent Kv1.3 blockers. While 4-phenoxybutoxy-substituted quinolines, quinazolines and phenanthrenes were inactive, 4-phenoxybutoxy-substituted quinolinones, furoquinolines, coumarins or furochromones inhibited Kv1.3 with IC(50)s of 150 nM to 10 microM in whole-cell patch-clamp experiments. Our most potent new compound is 4-(4-phenoxybutoxy)-7H-furo[3,2-g]chromene-7-thione (73, IC(50) 17 nM), in which the carbonyl oxygen of PAP-1 is replaced by sulfur. Taken together, our results demonstrate that the psoralen system is a crucial part of the pharmacophore of phenoxyalkoxypsoralen-type Kv1.3 blockers.