PubMed 18162541

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav2.1

Title: Modulation of CaV2.1 channels by Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II bound to the C-terminal domain.

Authors: Xin Jiang, Nathan J Lautermilch, Hirofumi Watari, Ruth E Westenbroek, Todd Scheuer, William A Catterall

Journal, date & volume: Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2008 Jan 8 , 105, 341-6

PubMed link:

Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) is a key regulator of synaptic responses in the postsynaptic density, but understanding of its mechanisms of action in the presynaptic neuron is incomplete. Here we show that CaMKII constitutively associates with and modulates voltage-gated calcium (Ca(V))2.1 channels that conduct P/Q type Ca(2+) currents and initiate transmitter release. Both exogenous and brain-specific inhibitors of CaMKII accelerate voltage-dependent inactivation, cause a negative shift in the voltage dependence of inactivation, and reduce Ca(2+)-dependent facilitation of Ca(V)2.1 channels. The modulatory effects of CaMKII are reduced by a peptide that prevents binding to Ca(V)2.1 channels but not by a peptide that blocks catalytic activity, suggesting that binding rather than phosphorylation is responsible for modulation. Our results reveal a signaling complex formed by Ca(V)2.1 channels and CaMKII that regulates P/Q-type Ca(2+) current in neurons. We propose an "effector checkpoint" model for the control of Ca(2+) channel fitness for function that depends on association with CaMKII, SNARE proteins, and other effectors of Ca(2+) signals. This regulatory mechanism would be important in presynaptic nerve terminals, where Ca(V)2.1 channels initiate synaptic transmission and CaMKII has noncatalytic effects on presynaptic plasticity.