PubMed 8620611

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.5

Title: Adrenergic modulation of ultrarapid delayed rectifier K+ current in human atrial myocytes.

Authors: G R Li, J Feng, Z Wang, B Fermini, S Nattel

Journal, date & volume: Circ. Res., 1996 May , 78, 903-15

PubMed link:

The ultrarapid delayed rectifier K+ current (IKur) in human atrial cells appears to correspond to Kv1.5 cloned channels and to play an important role in human atrial repolarization. Kv1.5 channels have consensus sites for phosphorylation by protein kinase A and C, suggesting possible modulation by adrenergic stimulation. The present study was designed to assess the adrenergic regulation of IKur in human atrial myocytes. Isoproterenol increased IKur in a concentration-dependent manner, with significant effects at concentrations as low as 10 nmol/L. The effects of isoproterenol were reversible by washout or by the addition of propranolol (1 mumol/L). Isoproterenol's effects were mimicked by the direct adenylate cyclase stimulator, forskolin, and by the membrane-permeable form of cAMP, 8-bromo cAMP. Isoproterenol had no effect on IKur when the protein kinase A inhibitor peptide, PKI(6-22)amide, was included in the pipette solution; in a separate set of experiments in which isoproterenol alone increased IKur by 45 +/- 9% relative to control, subsequent superfusion with isoproterenol in the presence of the protein kinase inhibitor H-7 failed to alter IKur. In contrast to isoproterenol, phenylephrine (in the presence of propranolol to block beta-adrenegic effects) induced a concentration-dependent inhibition of IKur, with significant effects observed at concentrations as low as 10 mumol/L. The inhibitory actions of phenylephrine were reversed by the addition of prazosin and prevented by coadministration with a highly selective inhibitor of protein kinase C, bisindolylmaleimide. These results indicate that beta-adrenergic stimulation enhances, whereas alpha-adrenergic stimulation inhibits, IKur and suggest that these actions are mediated by protein kinase A and protein kinase C, respectively. The modulation of IKur by adrenergic influences is a potentially novel control mechanism for human atrial repolarization and arrhythmias.