Channelpedia

PubMed 8985730


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Nav1.4



Title: Hyperkalemic periodic paralysis caused by recurring mutation in the adult muscle sodium channel alpha-subunit gene.

Authors: A Sillén, C Wadelius, M Sundvall, G Ahlsten, K H Gustavson

Journal, date & volume: Genet. Couns., 1996 , 7, 267-75

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8985730


Abstract
Linkage studies and mutation analysis were performed in two Swedish families with hyperkalemic periodic paralysis (HYPP), an autosomal dominant inherited disorder characterized by episodic muscle weakness associated with increasing or high levels of serum potassium. The gene for HYPP is the gene encoding the alpha-subunit of the sodium channel of adult human skeletal muscle (SCN4A). SCN4A has been localized on chromosome 17 q closely linked to the human growth hormone gene. Linkage between a microsatellite polymorphism in the SCN4A gene and the disease was shown in two Swedish families (Z = 12.10 theta = 0). Sequence analysis revealed that the two Swedish families have got a C to T transition at position 2188 in the cDNA. At the protein level this Thr 704 to Met mutation is located in the fifth membrane spanning segment of domain II of the protein, as previously described (28). The mutation was linked to different microsatellite alleles regarding both a (GT)n and a (GA)n repeat in the gene. Either the families are related and new mutations have occurred in both microsatellites when the pedigrees were separated or the mutation has arisen independently in the two families analysed. From the mutant alleles characterized so far it seems as if a limited number of mutations is present in this gene.