PubMed 18228196

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.2 , Kir3.2 , SK2 , SK3 , Slo1

Title: Characterization by immunocytochemistry of ionic channels in Helix aspersa suboesophageal brain ganglia neurons.

Authors: M J Azanza, C Pérez-Castejón, N Pes, R N Pérez-Bruzón, J Aisa, C Junquera, C Maestú, M Lahoz, C Martínez-Ciriano, A Vera-Gil, A Del Moral

Journal, date & volume: Histol. Histopathol., 2008 Apr , 23, 397-406

PubMed link:

The aim of this work was to characterize several ionic channels in nervous cells of the suboesophageal visceral, left and right parietal, and left and right pleural brain ganglia complex of the snail Helix aspersa by immunocytochemistry. We have studied the immunostaining reaction for a wide panel of eleven polyclonal antibodies raised against mammal antigens as follows: voltage-gated-Na+ channel; voltage-gated-delayed-rectifier-K+ channel; SK2-small-conductance-Ca2+-dependent-K+ channel apamin sensitive; SK3 potassium channel; charybdotoxin-sensitive voltage-dependent potassium channel; BKCa-maxi-conductance-Ca2+-dependent-K+ channel; hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated potassium channel 4; G-protein-activated inwardly rectifying potassium channel GIRK2 and voltage-gated-calcium of L, N and P/Q type channels. Our results show positive reaction in neurons, but neither in glia cells nor in processes in the Helix suboesophageal ganglia. Our results suggest the occurrence of molecules in Helix neurons sharing antigenic determinants with mammal ionic channels. The reaction density and distribution of immunoreactive staining within neurons is specific for each one of the antisera tested. The studies of co-localization of immunoreaction, on alternate serial sections of the anterior right parietal ganglion, have shown for several recognized mapped neurons that they can simultaneously be expressed among two and seven different ionic protein channels. These results are considered a key structural support for the interpretation of Helix aspersa neuron electrophysiological activity.