Channelpedia

PubMed 18338196


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav2.1 , Slo1



Title: Axonal function in a family with episodic ataxia type 2 due to a novel mutation.

Authors: Arun V Krishnan, Hugh Bostock, Jerome Ip, Michael Hayes, Shaun Watson, Matthew C Kiernan

Journal, date & volume: J. Neurol., 2008 May , 255, 750-5

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18338196


Abstract
Episodic ataxia type 2(EA-2) is a rare, autosomal dominant disorder characterised by recurrent episodes of ataxia and dysarthria,due to mutations in the CACNA1A gene on chromosome 19 encoding voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels. The aim of the present study was to explore whether axonal membrane properties, assessed using nerve excitability techniques, were abnormal in patients with EA-2 . Nerve excitability techniques were applied to the median nerve of three individuals from three generations of a single family, all of whom had typical features of EA-2. This family was found to have a novel mutation at codon 1451 of the Ca2+ channel alpha 1A subunit. Nerve excitability testing demonstrated significant abnormalities,with all patients outside the normal 95 % confidence limits in having a high rheobase and reduced early hyperpolarizing threshold electrotonus. On average there were also significant reductions in refractoriness,late sub excitability and early depolarizing threshold electrotonus. Mathematical modelling indicated that a similar pattern of abnormalities may result from a reduced voltage dependence of slow K+ channels (KCNQ channels). There are significant and distinctive changes in peripheral nerve excitability in EA-2 patients,which are presumably induced indirectly. These findings raise the possibility that excitability testing may prove a convenient screening test for patients with this suspected channelopathy.