PubMed 9058843

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: KCNQ1 , Kv1.1 , Kv1.2 , Kv1.3 , Kv1.4 , Kv1.5 , Kv1.6 , Kv2.1 , Kv2.2 , Kv3.1 , Kv4.1 , Kv4.2 , Kv5.1 , Kv6.1 , Kv7.1

Title: Heterogeneity in K+ channel transcript expression detected in isolated ferret cardiac myocytes.

Authors: M V Brahmajothi, M J Morales, R L Rasmusson, D L Campbell, H C Strauss

Journal, date & volume: , 1997 Feb , 20, 388-96

PubMed link:

The molecular basis of the potassium ion (K+) channels that generate repolarization in heart tissue remains uncertain, in part because of the molecular diversity of the voltage-gated K+ channel family. In our investigation, we used fluorescent labeled oligonucleotide probes to perform in situ hybridization studies on enzymatically isolated myocytes to determine the identity, regional distribution, and cellular distribution of voltage-gated K+ channel, alpha-subunit mRNA expressed in ferret heart. The regions studied were from the sinoatrial node (SA), right and left atrium, right and left ventricle, and interatrial and interventricular septa. Kv1.5 and Kv1.4 were the most widely distributed K+ channel transcripts in the ferret heart (present in approximately 70%-86% and approximately 46%-95% of tested myocytes, respectively), followed by Kv1.2, Kv2.1, and Kv4.2. In addition, many myocytes contain transcripts for Kv1.3, Kv2.2, Kv4.1, Kv5.1, and members of the Kv3 family. Kv1.1, Kv1.6, and Kv6.1 were rarely expressed in working myocytes, but were more commonly expressed in SA nodal cells. Two other transcripts whose genes have been implicated in the long QT syndrome, erg and KvLQT1, were common in all regions (approximately 41%-58% and 52%-72%, respectively). These results show that both the diversity and heterogeneity of K+ channel mRNA in heart tissue is greater than previously suspected.