PubMed 19387633

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClIC1

Title: Oxidation promotes insertion of the CLIC1 chloride intracellular channel into the membrane.

Authors: Goodchild, Howell, Cordina, Littler, Breit, Curmi, Brown

Journal, date & volume: Eur. Biophys. J., 2009 Apr 23 , ,

PubMed link:

Members of the chloride intracellular channel (CLIC) family exist primarily as soluble proteins but can also auto-insert into cellular membranes to form ion channels. While little is known about the process of CLIC membrane insertion, a unique feature of mammalian CLIC1 is its ability to undergo a dramatic structural metamorphosis between a monomeric glutathione-S-transferase homolog and an all-helical dimer upon oxidation in solution. Whether this oxidation-induced metamorphosis facilitates CLIC1 membrane insertion is unclear. In this work, we have sought to characterise the role of oxidation in the process of CLIC1 membrane insertion. We examined how redox conditions modify the ability of CLIC1 to associate with and insert into the membrane using fluorescence quenching studies and a sucrose-loaded vesicle sedimentation assay to measure membrane binding. Our results suggest that oxidation of monomeric CLIC1, in the presence of membranes, promotes insertion into the bilayer more effectively than the oxidised CLIC1 dimer.