PubMed 9236209

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClvC1 , ClvC4 , Slo1

Title: Inward rectification in ClC-0 chloride channels caused by mutations in several protein regions.

Authors: U Ludewig, T J Jentsch, M Pusch

Journal, date & volume: J. Gen. Physiol., 1997 Aug , 110, 165-71

PubMed link:

Several cloned ClC-type Cl- channels open and close in a voltage-dependent manner. The Torpedo electric organ Cl- channel, ClC-0, is the best studied member of this gene family. ClC-0 is gated by a fast and a slow gating mechanism of opposite voltage direction. Fast gating is dependent on voltage and on the external and internal Cl- concentration, and it has been proposed that the permeant anion serves as the gating charge in ClC-0 (Pusch, M., U. Ludewig, A. Rehfeldt, and T.J. Jentsch. 1995. Nature (Lond.). 373:527-531). The deactivation at negative voltages of the muscular ClC-1 channel is similar but not identical to ClC-0. Different from the extrinsic voltage dependence suggested for ClC-0, an intrinsic voltage sensor had been proposed to underlie the voltage dependence in ClC-1 (Fahlke, C., R. Rüdel, N. Mitrovic, M. Zhou, and A.L. George. 1995. Neuron. 15:463-472; Fahlke, C., A. Rosenbohm, N. Mitrovic, A.L. George, and R. Rüdel. 1996. Biophys. J. 71:695-706). The gating model for ClC-1 was partially based on the properties of a point-mutation found in recessice myotonia (D136G). Here we investigate the functional effects of mutating the corresponding residue in ClC-0 (D70). Both the corresponding charge neutralization (D70G) and a charge conserving mutation (D70E) led to an inwardly rectifying phenotype resembling that of ClC-1 (D136G). Several other mutations at very different positions in ClC-0 (K165R, H472K, S475T, E482D, T484S, T484Q), however, also led to a similar phenotype. In one of these mutants (T484S) the typical wild-type gating, characterized by a deactivation at negative voltages, can be partially restored by using external perchlorate (ClO4-) solutions. We conclude that gating in ClC-0 and ClC-1 is due to similar mechanisms. The negative charge at position 70 in ClC-0 does not specifically confer the voltage sensitivity in ClC-channels, and there is no need to postulate an intrinsic voltage sensor in ClC-channels.