PubMed 8702881

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.1 , Kir3.1

Title: Participation of nucleoside-diphosphate kinase in muscarinic K+ channel activation does not involve GTP formation.

Authors: L Xu, J Murphy, A S Otero

Journal, date & volume: J. Biol. Chem., 1996 Aug 30 , 271, 21120-5

PubMed link:

Agonist-bound muscarinic receptors open atrial K+ channels through a GTP-dependent pathway mediated by the G protein Gk. However, nucleotides other than GTP are also able to support channel activity, even in the absence of agonists. This process was proposed to be mediated by nucleoside-diphosphate (NDP) kinase, which would transfer phosphate from nucleotide triphosphates to the GDP bound to Gk, producing Gk-GTP without the need for receptor-induced GDP-GTP exchange. We examined the effect of antibodies to NDP kinase on the ATP-supported activity of atrial muscarinic K+ channels and the corresponding GIRK1/CIR channels expressed in HEK 293 cells. Inhibitory antibodies reduced ATP-induced channel openings, but this effect displayed an absolute requirement for agonist and was also seen with antibodies that do not inhibit the enzyme. Both types of antibodies also reduced agonist-dependent channel activity in the presence of GTP, ruling out a role for NDP kinase in GDP rephosphorylation. Channel activity was not affected by the antibodies in preparations where ATP-induced muscarinic channels are not under tight receptor control, namely pertussis toxin-treated atrial patches and membranes from cells expressing KACh channel subunits. Thus, participation of NDP kinase in this pathway requires activated receptors and has a function distinct from phosphate transfer between nucleotides.