PubMed 9328927

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClvC4 , ClvC5

Title: Mutations in the CLCN5 gene in Japanese patients with familial idiopathic low-molecular-weight proteinuria.

Authors: H Nakazato, S Hattori, A Furuse, T Kawano, S Karashima, M Tsuruta, J Yoshimuta, F Endo, I Matsuda

Journal, date & volume: Kidney Int., 1997 Oct , 52, 895-900

PubMed link:

Familial idiopathic low-molecular-weight proteinuria (FILMWP) is a renal proximal tubulopathy that occurs predominantly in males. FILMWP is characterized by mild proteinuria consisting of low-molecular-weight proteinuria, aminoaciduria and relatively conserved renal function, but without rickets. To determine whether FILMWP is related to the CLCN5 gene, which is responsible for Dent's disease and two related disorders, we analyzed the CLCN5 gene from four Japanese families with FILMWP. We identified two novel mutations: one was a single base insertion at codon 520 serine in exon 10 and the other was a single base deletion at codon 403 tyrosine in exon 8. These mutations caused a shift in the reading frame, resulting in synthesis of truncated CLC5 proteins that lacked 220 (29%) and 314 (42%) amino acids, respectively. These mutations were demonstrated to cosegregate with the disease in two families, respectively. We conclude that the CLCN5 gene is responsible for this proximal renal tubulopathy in some Japanese families and that FILMWP is possibly a variant of Dent's disease.