Channelpedia

PubMed 9524139


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: SK2



Title: Gating of recombinant small-conductance Ca-activated K+ channels by calcium.

Authors: B Hirschberg, J Maylie, J P Adelman, N V Marrion

Journal, date & volume: J. Gen. Physiol., 1998 Apr , 111, 565-81

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9524139


Abstract
Small-conductance Ca-activated K+ channels play an important role in modulating excitability in many cell types. These channels are activated by submicromolar concentrations of intracellular Ca2+, but little is known about the gating kinetics upon activation by Ca2+. In this study, single channel currents were recorded from Xenopus oocytes expressing the apamin-sensitive clone rSK2. Channel activity was detectable in 0.2 micro M Ca2+ and was maximal above 2 micro M Ca2+. Analysis of stationary currents revealed two open times and three closed times, with only the longest closed time being Ca dependent, decreasing with increasing Ca2+ concentrations. In addition, elevated Ca2+ concentrations resulted in a larger percentage of long openings and short closures. Membrane voltage did not have significant effects on either open or closed times. The open probability was approximately 0.6 in 1 micro M free Ca2+. A lower open probability of approximately 0.05 in 1 micro M Ca2+ was also observed, and channels switched spontaneously between behaviors. The occurrence of these switches and the amount of time channels spent displaying high open probability behavior was Ca2+ dependent. The two behaviors shared many features including the open times and the short and intermediate closed times, but the low open probability behavior was characterized by a different, long Ca2+-dependent closed time in the range of hundreds of milliseconds to seconds. Small-conductance Ca- activated K+ channel gating was modeled by a gating scheme consisting of four closed and two open states. This model yielded a close representation of the single channel data and predicted a macroscopic activation time course similar to that observed upon fast application of Ca2+ to excised inside-out patches.