Channelpedia

PubMed 9430664


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir3.1 , Kir3.4



Title: Mechanosensitivity of the cardiac muscarinic potassium channel. A novel property conferred by Kir3.4 subunit.

Authors: S Ji, S A John, Y Lu, J N Weiss

Journal, date & volume: J. Biol. Chem., 1998 Jan 16 , 273, 1324-8

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9430664


Abstract
Muscarinic potassium channels are heterotetramers of Kir3.1 and other Kir3 channel subunits and play major roles in regulating membrane excitability in cardiac atrial, neuronal, and neuroendocrine tissues. We report here that rabbit atrial muscarinic potassium channels are rapidly and reversibly inhibited by membrane stretch, possibly serving as a mechanoelectrical feedback pathway. To probe the molecular basis for this phenomenon, we heterologously expressed heteromeric Kir3.1/Kir3.4 channels in Xenopus oocytes and found that they possess similar mechanosensitivity in response to hypo-osmolar stress. This could be attributed in part, if not exclusively, to the Kir3.4 subunit, which reproduced the mechanosensitivity of the heteromeric channel when expressed as a homomeric channel in oocytes. Kir3.4 is the first stretch-inactivated potassium channel to be identified molecularly. Physiologically, this feature may be important in atrial volume-sensing and other responses to stretch.