PubMed 9559893

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv6.1

Title: Characterization of K(ATP) channels in intact mammalian skeletal muscle fibres.

Authors: R Barrett-Jolley, G A McPherson

Journal, date & volume: Br. J. Pharmacol., 1998 Mar , 123, 1103-10

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1. The aim of this study was to characterize the K(ATP) channel of intact rat skeletal muscle (rat flexor digitorum brevis muscle). Changes in membrane currents were recorded with two-electrode voltage-clamp of whole fibres. 2. The K(ATP) channel openers, levcromakalim and pinacidil (10-400 microM), caused a concentration-dependent increase in whole-cell chord conductance (up to approximately 1.5 mScm(-2)). The activated current had a weak inwardly rectifying current-voltage relation, a reversal potential near E(K) and nanomolar sensitivity to glibenclamide--characteristic of a K(ATP) channel current. Concentration-effect analysis revealed that levcromakalim and pinacidil were not particularly potent (EC50 approximately 186 microM, approximately 30 microM, respectively), but diazoxide was completely inactive. 3. The ability of both classical K(ATP) channel inhibitors (glibenclamide, tolbutamide, glipizide and 5-hydroxydecanoic acid) and a number of structurally related glibenclamide analogues to antagonize the levcromakalim-induced current was determined. Glibenclamide was the most potent compound with an IC50 of approximately 5 nM. However, the non-sulphonylurea (but cardioactive) compound 5-hydroxydecanoic acid was inactive in this preparation. 4. Regression analysis showed that the glibenclamide analogues used have a similar rank order of potency to that observed previously in vascular smooth muscle and cerebral tissue. However, two compounds (glipizide and DK13) were found to have unexpectedly low potency in skeletal muscle. 5. These experiments revealed K(ATP) channels of skeletal muscle to be at least 10x more sensitive to glibenclamide than previously found; this may be because of the requirement for an intact intracellular environment for the full effect of sulphonylureas to be realised. Pharmacologically, K(ATP) channels of mammalian skeletal muscle appear to resemble most closely K(ATP) channels of cardiac myocytes.