PubMed 18571286

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.1 , Kv1.2 , Kv1.3 , SK2 , SK3

Title: Characterization of a new Kv1.3 channel-specific blocker, J123, from the scorpion Buthus martensii Karsch.

Authors: Yin Shijin, Yi Hong, Ma Yibao, Chen Zongyun, Song Han, Wu Yingliang, Cao Zhijian, Li Wenxin

Journal, date & volume: Peptides, 2008 Sep , 29, 1514-20

PubMed link:

The potassium channel Kv1.3 is an attractive pharmacological target for T-cell-mediated autoimmune diseases, and specific and selective peptidic blockers of Kv1.3 channels have served as valuable therapeutic leads for treating these diseases. Here, we found a new peptide toxin, J123, with 43 amino acids including six cysteine residues by screening the venomous cDNA library of scorpion Buthus martensii Karsch, which has been used as traditional medicine in China for more than 2000 years. The sequence analysis suggested that peptide J123 constituted a new member of the alpha-KTx toxins. The electrophysiological experiments further indicated that peptide J123 has a novel pharmacological profiles: it blocked Kv1.3 channel with high potency (IC50=0.79 nM), and exhibited good selectivity on Kv1.3 over Kv1.1 (>1000-fold) and Kv1.2 (about 30-fold), respectively. Furthermore, peptide J123 had no activity on SKCa2 and SKCa3 channels at micromolar concentration level. Based on the pharmacological activities, the possible channel-interacting surface of peptide J123 was also predicted by molecular modeling and docking. All these data not only enrich the knowledge of the structure-function relationship of the new Kv1.3-speicific peptide but also present a potential drug candidate for selectively targeting Kv1.3 channels.