PubMed 19299076

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Automatically associated channels: ClIC1

Title: Identification of metastasis-associated proteins involved in gallbladder carcinoma metastasis by proteomic analysis and functional exploration of chloride intracellular channel 1.

Authors: Jian-Wei Wang, Shu-You Peng, Jiang-Tao Li, Yong Wang, Zhi-Ping Zhang, Yan Cheng, De-Qing Cheng, Wei-Hong Weng, Xiang-Song Wu, Xiao-Zhou Fei, Zhi-Wei Quan, Ji-Yu Li, Song-Gang Li, Ying-Bin Liu

Journal, date & volume: Cancer Lett., 2009 Aug 18 , 281, 71-81

PubMed link:

Advanced gallbladder cancer has an extremely poor prognosis because of metastasis. Identification of metastasis-related biomarkers is essential to improve patient survival. In the present study, metastasis-associated proteins were identified by comparative proteomic analysis and the metastasis-related function of the candidate protein, chloride intracellular channel 1 (CLIC1), was further elucidated. Two cell lines with high or low metastatic potential (termed GBC-SD18H and GBC-SD18L, respectively), originating from the same parental gallbladder carcinoma GBC-SD cell line, were identified by spontaneous metastasis in vivo and characterized by metastatic phenotypes analysis in vitro. Subsequently, a proteomic approach comprised of two-dimensional gel electrophoresis analysis and mass spectroscopy was used to identify and compare the protein expression patterns between GBC-SD18L and GBC-SD18H. Twenty-six proteins were identified and further verified by one-dimensional Western blotting and semiquantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction analysis. It was determined that CLIC1, ezrin, vimentin, annexin A3, WD repeat domain 1, triosephosphate isomerase, C1-tetrahydrofolate synthase, Rho GDP-dissociation inhibitor 1, T-complex protein 1, heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein K, glutamate dehydrogenase 1, proteasome activator complex subunit 3 and Rab GDP-dissociation inhibitor beta were significantly up-regulated in the highly metastatic GBC-SD18H cell line compared to the poorly metastatic GBC-SD18L cell line. However, phosphoglycerate kinase 1 and programmed cell death protein 8 were significantly down-regulated in the highly metastatic GBC-SD18H cell line compared to GBC-SD18L. Considering that CLIC1 was profuse in highly metastatic GBC-SD18H but scarce in poorly metastatic GBC-SD18L, the association of CLIC1 with metastasis was further elucidated by the overexpression and RNA interference of CLIC1 in GBC-SD18L cells and GBC-SD18H cells, respectively. The results demonstrated that the overexpression of CLIC1 promoted cell motility and invasion of GBC-SD18L in vitro, while RNA interference of CLIC1 remarkably decreased cell motility and invasive potency of GBC-SD18H in vitro, indicating that CLIC1 might play an important role in metastasis of gallbladder carcinoma.