PubMed 10606757

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.1

Title: Structural and functional modularity of voltage-gated potassium channels.

Authors: C D Patten, M Caprini, R Planells-Cases, M Montal

Journal, date & volume: FEBS Lett., 1999 Dec 17 , 463, 375-81

PubMed link:

Sequence similarity among known potassium channels indicates the voltage-gated potassium channels consist of two modules: the N-terminal portion of the channel up to and including transmembrane segment S4, called in this paper the 'sensor' module, and the C-terminal portion from transmembrane segment S5 onwards, called the 'pore' module. We investigated the functional role of these modules by constructing chimeric channels which combine the 'sensor' from one native voltage-gated channel, mKv1.1, with the 'pore' from another, Shaker H4, and vice versa. Functional studies of the wild type and chimeric channels show that these modules can operate outside their native context. Each channel has a unique conductance-voltage relation. Channels incorporating the mKv1.1 sensor module have similar rates of activation while channels having the Shaker pore module show similar rates of deactivation. This observation suggests the mKv1.1 sensor module limits activation and the Shaker pore module determines deactivation. We propose a model that explains the observed equilibrium and kinetic properties of the chimeric constructs in terms of the characteristics of the native modules and a novel type of intrasubunit cooperativity. The properties ascribed to the modules are the same whether the modules function in their native context or have been assembled into a chimera.