Channelpedia

PubMed 10489423


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv10.1 , SK1 , SK2 , Slo1



Title: Identification of ether à go-go and calcium-activated potassium channels in human melanoma cells.

Authors: R Meyer, R Schönherr, O Gavrilova-Ruch, W Wohlrab, S H Heinemann

Journal, date & volume: J. Membr. Biol., 1999 Sep 15 , 171, 107-15

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10489423


Abstract
Ion channels and intracellular Ca2+ are thought to be involved in cell proliferation and may play a role in tumor development. We therefore characterized Ca(2+)-regulated potassium channels in the human melanoma cell lines IGR1, IPC298, and IGR39 using electrophysiological and molecular biological methods. All cell lines expressed outwardly rectifying K+ channels. Rapidly activating delayed rectifier channels were detected in IGR39 cells. The activation kinetics of voltage-gated K+ channels in IRG1 and IPC298 cells displayed characteristics of ether à go-go (eag) channels as they were much slower and depended both on the holding potential and on extracellular Mg2+. In addition, they could be blocked by physiological concentrations of intracellular Ca2+. In accordance with these electrophysiological results, analysis of mRNA revealed the expression of a gene coding for h-eag1 channels in IGR1 and IPC298 cells, but not in IGR39 cells. At elevated Ca2+ concentrations various types of Ca(2+)-activated K+ channels with single-channel characteristics similar to IK and SK channels were detected in IGR1 cells. The whole-cell Ca(2+)-activated K+ currents were not voltage dependent, insensitive for 100 nm apamin and 200 microm d-tubocurarine, but were blocked by charybdotoxin (100 nm) and clotrimazole (50 nm). Analysis of mRNA revealed the expression of hSK1, hSK2, and hIK channels in IGR1 cells.