PubMed 18776122

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClvC4

Title: Disease-causing dysfunctions of barttin in Bartter syndrome type IV.

Authors: Audrey G H Janssen, Ute Scholl, Constanze Domeyer, Doreen Nothmann, Ariane Leinenweber, Christoph Fahlke

Journal, date & volume: J. Am. Soc. Nephrol., 2009 Jan , 20, 145-53

PubMed link:

Bartter syndrome type IV is an inherited human condition characterized by severe renal salt wasting and sensorineural deafness. The causal gene, BSND, encodes barttin, an accessory subunit of chloride channels located in the kidney and inner ear. Barttin modulates the stability, cell surface localization, and function of ClC-K channels; distinct mutations cause phenotypes of varying severity. For definition of the molecular basis of this diversity, the functional consequences of six disease-causing mutations (R8L, R8W, G10S, Q32X, G47R, and E88X) on ClC-K channel properties were studied by heterologous expression in renal cell lines, electrophysiology, confocal imaging, and biochemical analysis. Three missense mutations (R8L, R8W, and G10S) eliminated the function of ClC-K/barttin channels but did not prevent the insertion of the channels into the surface membrane. Another mutant that produces a mild renal phenotype (G47R) was capable of performing all functions of wild-type barttin but bound to ClC-K channels less effectively. The nonsense mutation E88X affected epithelial sorting, leading to equal amounts of barttin inserting into the basolateral and apical membranes, contrasting with the preferential apical insertion of wild-type barttin. Last, the nonsense mutation Q32X allowed barttin to associate with ClC-K channels but prevented surface membrane insertion and channel activation. These results demonstrate that Bartter syndrome type IV can be caused by various derangements in the function of barttin, likely contributing to the diversity of observed phenotypes.