PubMed 10690989

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClvC1 , ClvC4

Title: Functional consequences of chloride channel gene (CLCN1) mutations causing myotonia congenita.

Authors: J Zhang, S Bendahhou, M C Sanguinetti, L J Ptácek

Journal, date & volume: Neurology, 2000 Feb 22 , 54, 937-42

PubMed link:

To determine the functional consequences of missense mutations within the skeletal muscle chloride channel gene CLCN1 that cause myotonia congenita.Myotonia congenita is a genetic muscle disease associated with abnormalities in the skeletal muscle voltage-gated chloride (ClC-1) channel. In order to understand the molecular basis of this inherited disease, it is important to determine the physiologic consequences of mutations found in patients affected by it.The authors used a mammalian cell (human embryonic kidney 293) expression system and the whole-cell voltage-clamp technique to functionally express and physiologically characterize five CLCN1 mutations.The I329T mutation shifted the voltage dependence of open probability of ClC-1 channels to the right by 192 mV, and the R338Q mutation shifted it to the right by 38 mV. In addition, the I329T ClC-1 channels deactivated to a lesser extent than normal at negative potentials. The V165G, F167L, and F413C ClC-1 channels also shifted the voltage dependence of open probability, but only by +14 to +20 mV.The functional consequences of these mutations form the physiologic argument that these are disease-causing mutations and could lead to myotonia congenita by impairing the ability of the skeletal muscle voltage-gated chloride channels to maintain normal muscle excitability. Understanding of genetic and physiologic defects may ultimately lead to better diagnosis and treatment of patients with myotonia congenita.