PubMed 10430417

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClvC1 , ClvC4

Title: Founder mutations and the high prevalence of myotonia congenita in northern Finland.

Authors: H Papponen, T Toppinen, P Baumann, V Myllylä, J Leisti, H Kuivaniemi, G Tromp, R Myllylä

Journal, date & volume: Neurology, 1999 Jul 22 , 53, 297-302

PubMed link:

To find an explanation at the molecular level for the high prevalence of myotonia congenita in northern Finland and the exceptional pattern of inheritance of the disease in many families, and to study genotype-phenotype correlation in the patients.Forty-six patients with myotonia congenita and 16 unaffected relatives from 24 families were studied. All 23 exons and their flanking regions of the gene for the chloride channel protein (ClC-1) were sequenced from at least one patient from all families.There were three different mutations of ClC-1 in the patients: one in exon 11, a T-to-G transversion that resulted in the substitution of cysteine for phenylalanine at amino acid position 413 (F413C); one in exon 15, a C-to-T transition that resulted in the substitution of valine for alanine at amino acid position 531 (A531V); and one in exon 23, a C-to-T transition that resulted in the substitution of a stop codon for an arginine codon at amino acid position 894 (R894X).Molecular studies showed that even in families with apparent dominant inheritance, the actual mode of inheritance was autosomal recessive. This was explained not only by the observed consanguinity in some families but by an enrichment of three different mutations of the ClC-1 gene and a consequent high number of compound heterozygotes in the population. One of the mutations is unique to northern Finland. The conspicuous enrichment of the mutations is likely due to the founder effect and isolation by distance, as in other diseases in the Finnish heritage.