PubMed 10197533

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav2.1 , Kir6.1

Title: A new ER trafficking signal regulates the subunit stoichiometry of plasma membrane K(ATP) channels.

Authors: N Zerangue, B Schwappach, Y N Jan, L Y Jan

Journal, date & volume: Neuron, 1999 Mar , 22, 537-48

PubMed link:

Proper ion channel function often requires specific combinations of pore-forming alpha and regulatory beta subunits, but little is known about the mechanisms that regulate the surface expression of different channel combinations. Our studies of ATP-sensitive K+ channel (K(ATP)) trafficking reveal an essential quality control function for a trafficking motif present in each of the alpha (Kir6.1/2) and beta (SUR1) subunits of the K(ATP) complex. We show that this novel motif for endoplasmic reticulum (ER) retention/retrieval is required at multiple stages of K(ATP) assembly to restrict surface expression to fully assembled and correctly regulated octameric channels. We conclude that exposure of a three amino acid motif (RKR) can explain how assembly of an ion channel complex is coupled to intracellular trafficking.