PubMed 10662728

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClvC4 , ClvC5

Title: PTH regulates expression of ClC-5 chloride channel in the kidney.

Authors: I V Silva, C J Blaisdell, S E Guggino, W B Guggino

Journal, date & volume: Am. J. Physiol. Renal Physiol., 2000 Feb , 278, F238-45

PubMed link:

Mutations in the chloride channel, ClC-5, have been described in several inherited diseases that result in the formation of kidney stones. To determine whether ClC-5 is also involved in calcium homeostasis, we investigated whether ClC-5 mRNA and protein expression are modulated in rats deficient in 1alpha,25(OH)(2) vitamin D(3) with and without thyroparathyroidectomy. Parathyroid hormone (PTH) was replaced in some animals. Vitamin D-deficient, thyroparathyrodectomized rats had lower serum and higher urinary calcium concentrations compared with control animals as well as lower serum PTH and calcitonin concentrations. ClC-5 mRNA and protein levels in the cortex decrease in vitamin D-deficient, thyroparathyroidectomized rats compared with both control and vitamin D-deficient animals. ClC-5 mRNA and protein expression increase near to control levels in vitamin D-deficient, thyroparathyroidectomized rats injected with PTH. No significant changes in ClC-5 mRNA and protein expression in the medulla were detected in any experimental group. Our results suggest that PTH modulates the expression of ClC-5 in the kidney cortex and that neither 1alpha,25(OH)(2) vitamin D(3) nor PTH regulates ClC-5 expression in the medulla. The pattern of expression of ClC-5 varies with urinary calcium. Animals with higher urinary calcium concentrations have lower levels of ClC-5 mRNA and protein expression, suggesting that the ClC-5 chloride channel plays a role in calcium reabsorption.