PubMed 18384641

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav2.1

Title: Toxicity and endocytosis of spinocerebellar ataxia type 6 polyglutamine domains: role of myosin IIb.

Authors: Béatrice Marquèze-Pouey, Nicole Martin-Moutot, Marie Sakkou-Norton, Christian Lévêque, Yong Ji, Véronique Cornet, Wendy L Hsiao, Michael Seagar

Journal, date & volume: Traffic, 2008 Jul , 9, 1088-100

PubMed link:

Spinocerebellar ataxia type 6 (SCA6) is a dominantly inherited neurodegenerative disease caused by a small expansion of CAG repeats in the sequence coding for the cytoplasmic C-terminal region of the Ca(v)2.1 subunit of P/Q-type calcium channels. We have tested the toxicity of mutated Ca(v)2.1 C-terminal domains expressed in the plasma membrane. In COS-7 cells, CD4-green fluorescent protein fused to Ca(v)2.1 C-terminal domains containing expanded 24 polyglutamine (Q) tracts displayed increased toxicity and stronger expression at the cell surface relative to 'normal' 12 Q tracts, partially because of reduced endocytosis. Glutathione S-transferase pull-down and proteomic analysis indicated that Ca(v)2.1 C-termini interact with the heavy and light chains of cerebellar myosin IIB, a molecular motor protein. This interaction was confirmed by coimmunoprecipitation from rat cerebellum and COS-7 cells and shown to be direct by binding of in vitro-translated (35)S-myosin IIB heavy chain. In COS-7 cells, incremented polyglutamine tract length increased the interaction with myosin IIB. Furthermore, the myosin II inhibitor blebbistatin reversed the effects of polyglutamine expansion on plasma membrane expression. Our findings suggest a key role of myosin IIB in promoting accumulation of mutant Ca(v)2.1Ct at the plasma membrane and suggest that this gain of function might contribute to the pathogenesis of SCA6.