PubMed 9852577

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.1 , Kv1.2 , Kv1.4 , Kv1.5 , Kv2.1 , Kv3.1 , Kv3.2

Title: Heteromultimeric delayed-rectifier K+ channels in schwann cells: developmental expression and role in cell proliferation.

Authors: A Sobko, A Peretz, O Shirihai, S Etkin, V Cherepanova, D Dagan, B Attali

Journal, date & volume: J. Neurosci., 1998 Dec 15 , 18, 10398-408

PubMed link:

Schwann cells (SCs) are responsible for myelination of nerve fibers in the peripheral nervous system. Voltage-dependent K+ currents, including inactivating A-type (KA), delayed-rectifier (KD), and inward-rectifier (KIR) K+ channels, constitute the main conductances found in SCs. Physiological studies have shown that KD channels may play an important role in SC proliferation and that they are downregulated in the soma as proliferation ceases and myelination proceeds. Recent studies have begun to address the molecular identity of K+ channels in SCs. Here, we show that a large repertoire of K+ channel alpha subunits of the Shaker (Kv1.1, Kv1.2, Kv1.4, and Kv1.5), Shab (Kv2.1), and Shaw (Kv3.1b and Kv3.2) families is expressed in mouse SCs and sciatic nerve. We characterized heteromultimeric channel complexes that consist of either Kv1.5 and Kv1.2 or Kv1.5 and Kv1.4. In postnatal day 4 (P4) sciatic nerve, most of the Kv1.2 channel subunits are involved in heteromultimeric association with Kv1.5. Despite the presence of Kv1. 1 and Kv1.2 alpha subunits, the K+ currents were unaffected by dendrotoxin I (DTX), suggesting that DTX-sensitive channel complexes do not account substantially for SC KD currents. SC proliferation was found to be potently blocked by quinidine or 4-aminopyridine but not by DTX. Consistent with previous physiological studies, our data show that there is a marked downregulation of all KD channel alpha subunits from P1-P4 to P40 in the sciatic nerve. Our results suggest that KD currents are accounted for by a complex combinatorial activity of distinct K+ channel complexes and confirm that KD channels are involved in SC proliferation.