PubMed 18366304

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav3.1

Title: KCa3.1: target and marker for cancer, autoimmune disorder and vascular inflammation?

Authors: Chuan-Chu Chou, Charles A Lunn, Nicholas J Murgolo

Journal, date & volume: Expert Rev. Mol. Diagn., 2008 Mar , 8, 179-87

PubMed link:

KCa3.1 is a calcium-activated intermediate-conductance potassium ion channel. In humans the channel is expressed in several secretory organs and subtypes of hematopoietic cells, but not detected in excitable tissues. The mRNA level for KCa3.1 is upregulated in activated leukocytes, mitogen-induced endothelial cells and vascular smooth muscle cells, and several types of human cancers, suggesting a possible role for the channel in inflammatory and oncology diseases. Several potent and selective KCa3.1 blockers, including clotrimazole and its analogs TRAM-34 and ICA-17043, have been used to investigate the involvement of the channel in human disease. The compounds have been shown to suppress the proliferation of several cancer cells in vitro and the growth of the corresponding cancers in vivo, consistent with an oncologic indication. TRAM-34 also ameliorates symptoms in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis and several models of cardiovascular diseases, arguing for a role of the channel in inflammatory diseases. These results suggest several important opportunities for therapeutics based on KCa3.1. Further efforts will establish the optimal indication for these ion channel inhibitors.