PubMed 10597864

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.5

Title: Blockade of cardiac potassium and other channels by antihistamines.

Authors: E Delpón, C Valenzuela, J Tamargo

Journal, date & volume: , 1999 , 21 Suppl 1, 11-8; discussion 81-7

PubMed link:

The use of terfenadine and astemizole, two long-acting nonsedating histamine H1 receptor antagonists, has been associated with prolongation of the QT interval, development of ventricular arrhythmias, particularly torsade de pointes, and sudden cardiac death. Both drugs block the rapidly activating component of the delayed rectifier channel, I(Kr). At much higher concentrations, they also block several other cardiac channels (Na+, Ca2+, K+). Since many other antihistamines can also block one or other of the cardiac ion currents (e.g. loratadine blocks the human cardiac K+ channel, hKv1.5, with the same potency as terfenadine), these results are also reviewed and their clinical relevance discussed. Because of the proarrhythmic risk, some antihistamines should be taken only at the recommended doses and avoided in patients with liver disease or in those taking medications that inhibit oxidative cytochrome P-450 enzymes. These drugs should also be avoided in those with the congenital long QT syndrome or with secondary forms of delayed repolarisation (hypokalaemia, bradycardia, drug-induced QT prolongation). Identification of predisposing factors could enable physicians to anticipate, and thereby avoid, this potentially lethal complication of antihistamine therapy.