PubMed 9714850

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir6.1 , Kir6.2 , Slo1

Title: Intracellular nucleotide-mediated gating of SUR/Kir6.0 complex potassium channels expressed in a mammalian cell line and its modification by pinacidil.

Authors: E Satoh, M Yamada, C Kondo, V P Repunte, Y Horio, T Iijima, Y Kurachi

Journal, date & volume: J. Physiol. (Lond.), 1998 Sep 15 , 511 ( Pt 3), 663-74

PubMed link:

1. We have examined the properties of intracellular nucleotide-mediated gating of K+ channel constructs composed of the sulphonylurea receptor 2B and the inwardly rectifying K+ channel subunits Kir6.1 and Kir6.2 (SUR2B/Kir6.1 and SUR2B/Kir6.2 complex K+ channels) heterologously expressed in human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293T cells. In the cell-attached form, both types of K+ channel were activated by pinacidil. 2. In inside-out (IO) patches, the SUR2B/Kir6.2 channels opened spontaneously and were inhibited by intracellular ATP (ATPi). Pinacidil attenuated the ATPi-mediated channel inhibition in a concentration-dependent manner. In contrast, the SUR2B/Kir6.1 channels required intracellular nucleoside di- or tri-, but not mono-, phosphates for opening. The potency of adenine, guanine or uracil nucleotides to activate SUR2B/Kir6.1 channels was enhanced by pinacidil. 3. In the presence of pinacidil, adenine and guanine, but not uracil, nucleotides exhibited bell-shaped concentration-dependent activating effects on SUR2B/Kir6.1 channels. This was due to channel inhibition caused by adenine and guanine nucleotides, which was unaffected by pinacidil. 4. From power density spectrum analysis of SUR2B/Kir6.1 currents, channel activation could be described by the product of two gates, a nucleotide-independent fast channel gate and a nucleotide-dependent slow gate, which controlled the number of functional channels. Pinacidil specifically increased the potency of nucleotide action on the slow gate. 5. We conclude that Kir6.0 subunits play a crucial role in the nucleotide-mediated gating of SUR/Kir6.0 complex K+ channels and may determine the molecular mode of pinacidil action.