PubMed 10198359

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClvC2 , ClvC4 , Kir6.2

Title: Perinatal regulation of the ClC-2 chloride channel in lung is mediated by Sp1 and Sp3.

Authors: S Chu, C J Blaisdell, M Z Liu, P L Zeitlin

Journal, date & volume: Am. J. Physiol., 1999 Apr , 276, L614-24

PubMed link:

Mechanisms responsible for regulation of pulmonary epithelial chloride-channel expression in the perinatal period are under investigation to better understand normal lung development and airway disease pathogenesis. The ClC-2 epithelial chloride channel is regulated by changes in pH and volume and is most abundant in lung during fetal development. In this study, we identify and sequence the ClC-2 promoter, which is GC rich and lacks a TATA box. By construction of a series of promoter-luciferase constructs, a 67-bp GC box-containing sequence in the promoter is shown to be critical to ClC-2 expression in primary and immortalized fetal lung epithelial cells. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays and antibody supershifts demonstrate that the Sp1 and Sp3 transcription factors are expressed in fetal lung nuclei and interact with the GC box sequences in the promoter. Immunoblotting techniques demonstrate that Sp1 and Sp3 are perinatally downregulated in the lung with the same temporal sequence as ClC-2 downregulation. This work suggests that Sp1 and Sp3 activate ClC-2 gene transcription and that reduction in Sp1 and Sp3 at birth explains perinatal downregulation of ClC-2 in the lung.