Channelpedia

PubMed 10674713


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir6.1 , Kir6.2 , Kv4.1



Title: Molecular aspects of ATP-sensitive K+ channels in the cardiovascular system and K+ channel openers.

Authors: A Fujita, Y Kurachi

Journal, date & volume: Pharmacol. Ther., 2000 Jan , 85, 39-53

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10674713


Abstract
ATP-sensitive K+ (K(ATP)) channels are inhibited by intracellular ATP (ATPi) and activated by intracellular nucleoside diphosphates and thus, provide a link between cellular metabolism and excitability. K(ATP) channels are widely distributed in various tissues and may be associated with diverse cellular functions. In the heart, the K(ATP) channel appears to be activated during ischemic or hypoxic conditions, and may be responsible for the increase of K+ efflux and shortening of the action potential duration. Therefore, opening of this channel may result in cardioprotective, as well as proarrhythmic, effects. These channels are clearly heterogeneous. The cardiac K(ATP) channel is the prototype of K(ATP) channels possessing approximately 80 pS of single-channel conductance in the presence of approximately 150 mM extracellular K+ and opens spontaneously in the absence of ATPi. A vascular K(ATP) channel called a nucleoside diphosphate-dependent K+ (K(NDP)) channel exhibits properties significantly different from those of the cardiac K(ATP) channel. The K(NDP) channel has the single-channel conductance of approximately 30-40 pS in the presence of approximately 150 mM extracellular K+, is closed in the absence of ATPi, and requires intracellular nucleoside di- or triphosphates, including ATPi to open. Nevertheless, K(ATP) and K(NDP) channels are both activated by K+ channel openers, including pinacidil and nicorandil, and inhibited by sulfonylurea derivatives such as glibenclamide. It recently was found that the cardiac K(ATP) channel is composed of a sulfonylurea receptor (SUR)2A and a two-transmembrane-type K+ channel subunit Kir6.2, while the vascular K(NDP) channel may be the complex of SUR2B and Kir6.1. By precisely comparing the functional properties of the SUR2A/Kir6.2 and the SUR2B/Kir6.1 channels, we shall show that the single-channel characteristics and pharmacological properties of SUR/Kir6.0 channels are determined by Kir and SUR subunits, respectively, while responses to intracellular nucleotides are determined by both SUR and Kir subunits.