Channelpedia

PubMed 9860268


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.2 , Kir3.2



Title: Altered responses to potassium in cerebellar neurons from weaver heterozygote mice.

Authors: A P Fox, S Dlouhy, B Ghetti, J H Hurley, P G Nucifora, D J Nelson, L Won, A Heller

Journal, date & volume: , 1998 Dec , 123, 298-306

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9860268


Abstract
The pleiotropic weaver disease is caused by the mutation of a single amino acid in the G-protein-linked inwardly rectifying K+ channel, GIRK2. In homozygous (wv/wv) animals, the disease is characterized by loss of cerebellar and dopaminergic mesencephalic neurons as well as testicular cells, which produce ataxia, fine tremors, and sterility, respectively. Heterozygous (wv/+) animals show no obvious motor impairments, although some loss of both cerebellar and dopaminergic neurons is observed and wv/+ males become sterile at 3.5 months of age. Abnormal influxes of Na+ and Ca2+ have been linked to cerebellar cell death in wv/wv animals, but it's not clear whether similar changes are observed in wv/+ animals. To discover whether changes in K+-channel function or intracellular Ca2+ concentrations ([Ca2+]i) play a role in the augmented cell loss observed in wv/+ animals when compared with +/+ animals, we studied cultured cerebellar granule cells prepared from either wv/+ or +/+ animals. Resting [Ca2+]i was elevated in wv/+ relative to +/+ animals. Further, depolarizations of cells with elevated K+ solutions elicited much smaller changes in [Ca2+]i in wv/+ animals than in +/+ animals, presumably due to altered GIRK2 channel function. Both wv/+ and +/+ cells showed similar changes in [Ca2+]i when cells were depolarized by glutamate (1 mM), suggesting that both glutamate receptors and Ca2+ channels were unchanged in wv/ + animals. In summary, our results suggest that wv/+ cerebellar granule cells exhibit elevated resting [Ca2+]i levels and altered K+-channel function, which may contribute to the developmental abnormalities and increased cell death observed.