PubMed 9887977

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.1 , Kir6.2 , Kv1.2 , Kv1.4 , Kv2.1 , Kv9.3 , Slo1

Title: K+ channel modulation in arterial smooth muscle.

Authors: N B Standen, J M Quayle

Journal, date & volume: Acta Physiol. Scand., 1998 Dec , 164, 549-57

PubMed link:

Potassium channels play an essential role in the membrane potential of arterial smooth muscle, and also in regulating contractile tone. Four types of K+ channel have been described in vascular smooth muscle: Voltage-activated K+ channels (Kv) are encoded by the Kv gene family, Ca(2+)-activated K+ channels (BKCa) are encoded by the slo gene, inward rectifiers (KIR) by Kir2.0, and ATP-sensitive K+ channels (KATP) by Kir6.0 and sulphonylurea receptor genes. In smooth muscle, the channel subunit genes reported to be expressed are: Kv1.0, Kv1.2, Kv1.4-1.6, Kv2.1, Kv9.3, Kv beta 1-beta 4, slo alpha and beta, Kir2.1, Kir6.2, and SUR1 and SUR2. Arterial K+ channels are modulated by physiological vasodilators, which increase K+ channel activity, and vasoconstrictors, which decrease it. Several vasodilators acting at receptors linked to cAMP-dependent protein kinase activate KATP channels. These include adenosine, calcitonin gene-related peptide, and beta-adrenoceptor agonists. beta-adrenoceptors can also activate BKCa and Kv channels. Several vasoconstrictors that activate protein kinase C inhibit KATP channels, and inhibition of BKCa and Kv channels through PKC has also been described. Activators of cGMP-dependent protein kinase, in particular NO, activate BKCa channels, and possibly KATP channels. Hypoxia leads to activation of KATP channels, and activation of BKCa channels has also been reported. Hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction involves inhibition of Kv channels. Vasodilation to increased external K+ involves KIR channels. Endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor activates K+ channels that are not yet clearly defined. Such K+ channel modulations, through their effects on membrane potential and contractile tone, make important contributions to the regulation of blood flow.