PubMed 10712246

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: SK2

Title: Pharmacological activation of cloned intermediate- and small-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channels.

Authors: C A Syme, A C Gerlach, A K Singh, D C Devor

Journal, date & volume: Am. J. Physiol., Cell Physiol., 2000 Mar , 278, C570-81

PubMed link:

We previously characterized 1-ethyl-2-benzimidazolinone (1-EBIO), as well as the clinically useful benzoxazoles, chlorzoxazone (CZ), and zoxazolamine (ZOX), as pharmacological activators of the intermediate-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channel, hIK1. The mechanism of activation of hIK1, as well as the highly homologous small-conductance, Ca(2+)-dependent K(+) channel, rSK2, was determined following heterologous expression in Xenopus oocytes using two-electrode voltage clamp (TEVC) and excised, inside-out patch-clamp techniques. 1-EBIO, CZ, and ZOX activated both hIK1 and rSK2 in TEVC and excised inside-out patch-clamp experiments. In excised, inside-out patches, 1-EBIO and CZ induced a concentration-dependent activation of hIK1, with half-maximal (K(1/2)) values of 84 microM and 98 microM, respectively. Similarly, CZ activated rSK2 with a K(1/2) of 87 microM. In the absence of CZ, the Ca(2+)-dependent activation of hIK1 was best fit with a K(1/2) of 700 nM and a Hill coefficient (n) of 2.0. rSK2 was activated by Ca(2+) with a K(1/2) of 700 nM and an n of 2.5. Addition of CZ had no effect on either the K(1/2) or n for Ca(2+)-dependent activation of either hIK1 or rSK2. Rather, CZ increased channel activity at all Ca(2+) concentrations (V(max)). Event-duration analysis revealed hIK1 was minimally described by two open and three closed times. Activation by 1-EBIO had no effect on tau(o1), tau(o2), or tau(c1), whereas tau(c2) and tau(c3) were reduced from 9.0 and 92.6 ms to 5.0 and 44.1 ms, respectively. In conclusion, we define 1-EBIO, CZ, and ZOX as the first known activators of hIK1 and rSK2. Openers of IK and SK channels may be therapeutically beneficial in cystic fibrosis and vascular diseases.