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PubMed 10329725


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv12.1



Title: Stimulation of Elk1 transcriptional activity by mitogen-activated protein kinases is negatively regulated by protein phosphatase 2B (calcineurin).

Authors: J Tian, M Karin

Journal, date & volume: J. Biol. Chem., 1999 May 21 , 274, 15173-80

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10329725


Abstract
Cellular calcium (Ca2+) and the Ca2+-binding protein calmodulin (CaM) regulate the activities of Ca2+/CaM-dependent protein kinases and protein phosphatase 2B (calcineurin). Functional interactions between CaM kinases and mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases were described. In this report, we describe cross-talk between calcineurin and mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling. Calcineurin was found to specifically down-regulate the transcriptional activity of transcription factor Elk1, following stimulation of this activity by the ERK, Jun N-terminal kinase, or p38 MAP kinase pathways. Expression of constitutively activated calcineurin or activation of endogenous calcineurin by Ca2+ ionophore decreased the phosphorylation of Elk1 at sites that positively regulate its transcriptional activity. Calcineurin specifically dephosphorylates Elk1 at phosphoserine 383, a site whose phosphorylation by MAP kinases makes a critical contribution to the enhanced transcriptional activity of Elk1. The cross-talk between calcineurin and MAP kinases is of physiological significance as low doses of Ca2+ ionophore which by themselves are insufficient for c-fos induction can actually inhibit induction of c-fos expression by activators of MAP kinases. Thus through the effect of calcineurin on Elk1 phosphorylation, Ca2+ can have a negative effect on expression of Elk1 target genes. This mechanism explains why different levels of intracellular Ca2+ can result in very different effects on gene expression.