Channelpedia

PubMed 10932070


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClvC2 , ClvC3 , ClvC4 , ClvC5 , ClvC6



Title: Involvement of ion channels in human eosinophil respiratory burst.

Authors: A Schwingshackl, R Moqbel, M Duszyk

Journal, date & volume: J. Allergy Clin. Immunol., 2000 Aug , 106, 272-9

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10932070


Abstract
Human eosinophils possess a variety of ion channels that play a crucial role in the regulation of cellular activity. During eosinophil respiratory burst, efflux of H(+) ions through H(+) channels provides an efficient mechanism of H(+) extrusion and charge compensation. Interestingly, recent studies suggest that other ion channels may also be involved in this process.We sought to investigate the role of ion channels in phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate-induced superoxide (O(2)(*-)) generation by human eosinophils.O(2)(*-) production was measured by using the superoxide dismutase-inhibitable reduction of cytochrome c. Ion channel expression and function were studied by using RT-PCR and the patch clamp technique, respectively.O(2)(*-) generation was affected by several ion channel blockers, especially 4,4-diisothio-cyanostilbene-2,2'-disulfonic acid. The involvement of Cl(-) channels in this process was confirmed by replacement of Cl(-) with gluconate or other anions. The halide dependence of O(2)(*-) production could be described by the sequence Cl(-)> or =Br(-)>I(-), which is similar to the selectivity sequence of several members of the chloride channel (ClC) family. RT-PCR studies performed with primers for ClC-2, ClC-3, ClC-4, ClC-5, ClC-6, and the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator showed only the expression of ClC-3. The presence of phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate-sensitive Cl(-) channels in human eosinophils with biophysical properties similar to the ClC-3 channel has been studied.Cl(-) channels play an important role in the regulation of O(2)(*-) production by human eosinophils.