PubMed 18690051

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.1 , Kir3.4

Title: Stoichiometry of Kir channels with phosphatidylinositol bisphosphate.

Authors: Taihao Jin, Jin Liang Sui, Avia Rosenhouse-Dantsker, Kim W Chan, Lily Y Jan, Diomedes E Logothetis

Journal, date & volume: Channels (Austin), 2008 Jan-Feb , 2, 19-33

PubMed link:

Phosphatidylinositol bisphosphate (PIP(2)) is the most abundant phosphoinositide in the plasma membrane of cells and its interaction with many ion channel proteins has proven to be a critical factor enabling ion channel gating. All members of the inwardly rectifying potassium (Kir) channel family depend on PIP(2) for their activity, displaying distinct affinities and stereospecificities of interaction with the phosphoinositide. Here, we explored the stoichiometry of Kir channels with PIP(2). We first showed that PIP(2) regulated the activity of Kir3.4 channels mainly by altering their bursting behavior. Detailed burst analysis indicates that the channels assumed up to four open states and a connectivity of four between open and closed states depending on the available PIP(2) levels. Moreover, by controlling the number of PIP(2)-sensitive subunits in the stoichiometry of a tetrameric Kir2.1 channel, we showed that characteristic channel activity was obtained when at least two wild-type subunits were present. Our studies support a kinetic model for gating of Kir channels by PIP(2), where each of the four open states corresponds to the channel activated by one to four PIP(2) molecules.