PubMed 11015605

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClCa1 , ClvC4

Title: Cloning a chloride conductance mediator from the apical membrane of porcine ileal enterocytes.

Authors: K J Gaspar, K J Racette, J R Gordon, M E Loewen, G W Forsyth

Journal, date & volume: Physiol. Genomics, 2000 Aug 9 , 3, 101-11

PubMed link:

Attempts to attribute ileal brush-border chloride conductance to specific proteins were pursued by screening a porcine intestinal cDNA library. A 0.94-kb clone was identified on expression screening with a monoclonal antibody that inhibited enterocyte brush-border chloride conductance. Further screening approaches led to the isolation of a 3.1-kb full-length sequence called pCLCA1, consistent with the identification of a 2.9-kb transcript through Northern analysis. This sequence had significant homology to the CLCA gene family of calcium-regulated chloride channels, especially to hCLCA1. However, a strong A-kinase consensus phosphorylation site in a predicted cytoplasmic loop of the protein was a notable difference from the hCLCA1 gene product. Several porcine exocrine epithelial tissues, including ileum, trachea, and the major salivary glands express pCLCA1 mRNA. In situ hybridization studies localized the expression of pCLCA1 mRNA to the crypt and villus epithelia of porcine ileum, whereas tracheal expression was observed in both surface epithelium and submucosal glands. In situ expression of pCLCA1 in mouse 3T3 cells induces an ionomycin-dependent chloride conductance activity in these cells.